Photo credit
Rumman Rahman


Bänoo Zan is a self-exiled poet, librettist, translator, teacher, editor and poetry curator, with numerous published pieces and three books. Songs of Exile was shortlisted for Gerald Lampert Memorial Award. Letters to My Father was published in 2017. She uses symbolism, oxymoron and allusions to myth, religion, and culture and has been called a political, metaphysical, and spiritual poet. Zan has been influenced by classic and contemporary Persian poets as well as their counterparts in English, including Hafez, Rumi, Forough Farrokhzad, Ahmad Shamlou, Sohrab Sepehri, ShakespeareJohn DonneSylvia Plath, and Adrienne Rich. She is the founder of Shab-e She’r (Poetry Night), Toronto’s most diverse poetry reading and open mic series (inception: 2012). A contract faculty member at Centennial College, she teaches ESL and English to international and domestic students.

Bänoo is the current Writer-in-Residence at the University of Alberta in Edmonton from September 2022 to May 2023.


Did you read poetry when you were in high school? Is there a particular poem that you loved when you were a teenager?

I read a lot of poetry in high school. I loved many poems by numerous classic and contemporary Persian poets.

I cannot honestly remember what it was that drew me to poetry. Was it in my blood as it is in many Iranians' blood? In some regions in Iran, like Khorasan and Fars, almost everyone has written at least a few lines.  Poetry has always been a significant component of Persian Literature textbooks in our school system. Even some people who cannot read and write know lines of poetry by heart!

Poetry has influenced  music and calligraphy. It has influenced the kings and the clergy. It has influenced ordinary people and filled their lives with meaning and beauty. Poetry is an integral part of our secular and religious rituals and celebrations.

No one encouraged me to read poetry. No one needed to. In Iran, anyone interested in reading is interested in poetry! Poetry is the main genre. It is political, social, subversive, revolutionary, erotic, spiritual, pious, conservative upholder of our complex culture, and more. Poets have had the honour to go to jail for what they have written. When dissident poets release new work, it is shared widely on social media. Poetry is feared and revered.

We worship our poets like saints. Hafez is treated like a divine figure.

Poets make a difference.

Poetry matters.

When did you first start writing poetry? And then when did you start thinking of yourself as a poet?

I started writing poetry at the age of ten, but I didn't call myself a poet before I was in my 30s (I think), maybe even later!

Like anyone interested in writing, at first I imitated the poets I read. I did not intend to do so, but it is what happens before you come into your unique voice.

Years later, I felt I was writing from a more authentic place. That is when I started to claim the title.

A poet does not follow other people. A poet does not follow herself.

A poet listens to people and listens to herself and listens to the world.

A poet speaks with urgency.

What do you think a poet’s “job” is?

The poet's job is to be honest with herself

The poet's job is to be herself

in words

in life

and after!

If you had to choose one poem to memorize from our anthology, which one would it be?

"Kubla Khan" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge 

I studied English Language and Literature at Iranian universities. We covered many poets and writers in B.A. and M.A. I kept on discovering many more. Later, when I started teaching English at universities, I had the opportunity to rediscover some of them in a new light. 

Coleridge fascinates me perhaps because he is the closest in style to Rumi: musical and mystical, wondering and wandering, spiritual and complex.

I would have chosen “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” if it had been included in your anthology. Now, that is a poem that speaks to my heart. It tells the story of displacement and exile and the guilt that comes with it. It tells of  struggle that never ceases. It tells my story.


Letters to My Father
Piquant Press
James Dewar
Publication type
Songs of Exile
Guernica Editions
Michael Mirolla
Publication type
Song of Phoneix: Life and Works of Sylvia Plath
Golazin Publications, Iran
Manijeh Abdollahi
Publication type
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